FOCCACIA AND ITS DIFFERENT VARIETIES
A pancake baked in every Italian home, soft inside and crunchy outside, flat, with a golden color and an unforgettable aroma of spices. You may have tasted Italian foccacia many times, but are you aware that there are different variations of this bread?
In every region there is a slightly different recipe for foccacia
Although today foccacia is associated with Ligurian cuisine, the first bakers of it were the Etruscans in ancient Rome. Its name was different from the current one, as it was called "panis focacius". Most likely, this word comes from the Latin word focus, which means a bonfire.
As time progressed in various small towns on the Ligurian coast, the recipe for Italian flatbread began to change its form and composition to that which was most available locally. Thus, various recipes for Italian foccacia began to emerge, some of them completely different from the original. An example of this type is focaccia col formaggio, or focaccia with cheese, which originated in Recco, near Genoa. Apart from its name, it has nothing in common with the classic foccaccia. It consists of two paper-thin layers of dough between which the cheese is placed.
In north-western Italy we can taste focaccia dolce - sweet. It is usually sprinkled with sugar, but it can be replaced by nuts, raisins or honey. Yet another variety of sweet focaccia comes from the Northeast. Venetian focaccia, or Focaccia Veneta, like the focaccia from Recco, is only connected to the traditional version by its name. In fact, its appearance and taste is like Panettone or Pandoro and it is part of the Easter tradition.
One of the more interesting variations of this bread is the foccacia with potatoes, which are sliced thinly and placed on top of the dough. This variety of Italian bread is very popular among New Yorkers, who gave it the name potato pizza.
Which variety is the most popular in Italy?
It is correct to say that one of the most popular varieties of this bread in Italy is focaccia al rosmarino. Subtle on the inside and golden on the outside, this bread, which is sprinkled with fresh or dried rosemary, is served as an appetizer or snack with olive oil. It is also popular to serve it as a bread with great Italian meats and cheeses.
In different regions we find different recipes for focaccia with rosemary, which vary in ingredients and their proportions. Now we would like to share our recipe for a delicious Italian bread.
Foccacia with rosemary - recipe
Ingredients for the dough:
- 150ml water
- 400g 00 flour
- 60ml olive oil
- 140g mashed, boiled potatoes
- 2 teaspoons sugar
- 1 sachet of Paneangeli Lievito di Birra Mastro Fornaio dry yeast
- 1 tsp salt
- In addition:
- 2 tbsp water
- handful of fresh or dried rosemary
- 2 tbsp olive oil
- pinch of coarse salt
In a large bowl, place all the ingredients for the dough except the salt. Using a wooden spoon, mix all the ingredients together. Coat a work surface with flour, place the dough in it, then add the salt and knead the dough by hand for about 5-10 minutes.
When you get a homogeneous and smooth dough, place it in a bowl, cut crosswise on top, and then cover everything with plastic wrap. Leave the dough to rise for about 2 hours. After this time, it should have doubled in volume.
Now prepare a 30x40 cm baking tray, which we grease with olive oil. Roll out the dough and place it on the tray. Now we should leave it for about 30 minutes.
Then preheat the oven to 200°C. In a small bowl we mix olive oil, water, chopped rosemary and also salt. Brush your fingers with olive oil, and then knead the dough with them in such a way that small indentations form. Brush the top of the focaccia with the mixture we prepared earlier.
Now place the dough in the preheated oven and bake for about 15 minutes. The color of the dough should be golden, so we wait until it reaches the desired color.
Cut the focaccia in such a way that small, square pieces are formed. You can serve it solo, preferably with olive oil, or together with delicious Italian meats, wines and cheeses. We wish you all the best!
You will find more focaccia recipes at https://ladnydom.pl/foccacia-przepis-weber